Luther and his 95 theses
Have you ever nailed something to a church door?
Would you feel free to put your ”lost cat” notice on your local church door?
What would it take to make anyone put a list of the failings of their employer on the office door?
Martin Luther put 95 points in his list. Why not a 100? or why not only 2 or 3?
How many problems did he really have with his church?
By permission - Rich Diesslin Cartoonist of Out to Lunch,
KNOTS Scout Cartoon and the Cartoon Gospels, www.the-cartoonist.com
Rich@The-Cartoonist.Com, The-Cartoonist.Com Gifts, http://www.amazon.com/rich-diesslin
Luther's main issue was the abuse of “indulgencies” - paid licenses to sin!
Luther questioned whether the church had the authority to grant indulgences even though Pope Urban II first offered indulgences to Crusaders in 1095.
Luther believed that the only true path to salvation lay through faithfulness to Christ and his teachings, not through adherence to the ideologies and dogmas of the Catholic Church.
In 1517, Pope Leo X wanted to rebuild St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, but he didn't want to spend his own money so he started offering indulgences in exchange for donations!
To Luther's eyes, the Church was essentially selling salvation.
Luther read the Bible in Latin and Greek and saw nothing that gave the Church any right to charge people for their salvation.
Luther was not trying to undermine the Church, he was just trying to stop them making money and turning salvation into a business. He did not attack the idea of indulgences as such, only the abuse of them.
1. When our Lord and Master, Jesus Christ, says "Repent ye," etc., he means that the entire life of the faithful should be one of repentance.
27. They preach human folly who pretend that as soon as money in the coffer rings a soul from purgatory springs.
32. Those who suppose that on account of their letters of indulgence they are sure of salvation will be eternally damned along with their teachers.
36. Every Christian who truly repents has full forgiveness both of punishment and guilt bestowed on him, even without letters of indulgence.
37. Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has a share in all the benefits of Christ and the Church, for God has granted him these, even without letters of indulgence.
82. For example: "Why does not the pope empty purgatory for the sake of holy love … for after all, he does release countless souls for the sake of sordid money contributed for the building of a cathedral? …"
95. And so let them set their trust on entering heaven through many tribulations rather than some false security and peace.
Some of Luther's theses...
Gospel Mullsjö is niether a profit based organisation nor a charity. The goal is only to make the gospel known in the Mullsjö area, or wherever the opportunity arises.
Mullsjö - August 2017
What does it mean?
The act of putting the 95 theses on the church door is generally regarded as the start of the Reformation 500 years ago. It resulted in the rise of a Lutheransim and the rejection of Roman Catholicism by millions of Europeans.
Luther's study of the Bible was key to all the events, so it is no surprise that he took his stand on the Bible and said "Here I stand, I can do no other". When challenged he said...
"Unless I am convinced by the testimony of the Holy Scriptures or by evident reason-for I can believe neither pope nor councils alone, as it is clear that they have erred repeatedly and contradicted themselves-I consider myself convicted by the testimony of Holy Scripture, which is my basis; my conscience is captive to the Word of God."
(This is called Sola Scriptura).
Justification by faith alone is the article on which the church stands or falls, according to Martin Luther.
(This is called Sola Fide),
Salvation is free!
The FIve Solas of the Reformation
Sola Fide by faith alone
Sola Scriptura by Scripture alone
Solus Christus through Christ alone
Sola Gratia by grace alone
Soli Deo Gloria glory to God alone
The problem of indulgencies had been going on for a long time. See notes on Wycliffe from 1330-1384.